How Smart Police Officers Use Situational Awareness to Improve Safety




Product Details

Written By: Dr. Richard B. Gasaway and Drew W. Moldenhauer, M.S.

109 pages

Improving safety is the goal of every smart police officer. This book will help police officers and supervisors improve safety by understanding how to develop and maintain strong situational awareness and how to improve high-risk, high-consequence decision making.


Authors Note


1 – What is Situational Awareness and Why Does it Matter?

2 – Do Officers Train to Fail?

3 – Tips for Improving Situational Awareness Through Training.

4 – Know Your Equipment.

5 – Context-Dependent Learning.

6 – Improving Learning and Recall.

7 – Freelancing.

8 – Complacency Kills.

9 – Fatigue.

10 – The Silent Killer of Police Officers.

11 – B.R.E.A.T.H.E.

12 – Meta Awareness.

13 – Hyper Vigilance.

14 – Frustration Can Impact Situational Awareness.

15 – Assuming or Creating Risk.

16 – Distractions and Interruptions.

17 – Stop Judging to Improve Situational Awareness.

18 – When Budgets Impact Staffing.

19 – Active Shooter – Police Officer Response.

20 – Active Shooter: Collaborating With Fire And EMS.

21 – Active Shooter: The Citizen Response


About the Authors

Richard B. Gasaway, PhD, CSP is widely considered a trusted authority on human factors, situational awareness and the high-risk decision making processes used in high-stress, high consequence work environments.

He served 33 years on the front lines as a firefighter, EMT-Paramedic, company officer, training officer, fire chief and emergency incident commander.

His doctoral research included the study of cognitive neuroscience to understand how human factors flaw situational awareness and impact high-risk decision making.

He is the founder and CEO for Situational Awareness Matters, a teaching and consulting organization located in Saint Paul, Minnesota. He can be reached at [email protected]


Drew W. Moldenhauer, M.S, has 15 years of Law Enforcement experience with two police organizations in Minnesota. Some of the titles he has held in his tenure are Active Shooter Instructor, Use of Force Instructor, Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) Instructor and Field Training Officer.

He is currently an Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice at Bemidji State University and is a full-time licensed police officer that works for the City of Osseo Police Department.


He holds a Master’s Degree of Science in Public Safety Executive Leadership from St. Cloud State University. He is a Certified Master Instructor for Situational Awareness Matters and has a passion for training his clients on this very important subject. He can be reached at [email protected]